Eco Schools



Each Main theme addressed in the Action Plan should incorporate an element of at least one Cross-Cutting theme.

While the Seven Steps framework is the most important aspect of the Eco-Schools programme, we have found that working with Themes can also be a great help in givingthe programme even more structure and depth. The Main themes should be complemented by the Cross-Cutting themes.

All these Themes are linked to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Eco-Schools Main Themes

Biodiversity & Nature

Examines the flora and fauna present in the school environment and suggests ways to increase the levels of biodiversity around the school and raises the pupils’ awareness of


Provides an introduction to the importance of water both locally and globally and raises awareness of how simple actions can substantially cut down water use.


Suggests ways in which all members of the school can work together to increase awareness of energy issues and to improve energy efficiency within the school.


Suggests ways for pupils, staff and local government to work together to raise awareness of transport issues and come up with practical solutions that will make a real difference to pupils’ everyday lives.


Encourages young people, their parents, and the whole community to take responsible food- related choices and actions that protect the environment, promote human rights, and improve the wellbeing of society – every day.

Marine & Coast

Teaches children about local and/or global coastal and marine habitats, how people are affecting these habitats and what we can do to protect them.


Examines the impact of litter on the environment and explores practical means for reducing and minimising the amount of litter produced by the school.

School Grounds

Encourages schools to introduce children to the natural environment and to biodiversity in a practical way by offering a safe and potentially exciting facility for outdoor education that can complement classroom-based activities.


Examines the impact of waste on the environment and explores actions to minimise the amount of waste that we produce and dispose of on a daily basis.

Eco-Schools Cross-cutting Themes

Climate Change

Examines the impacts we have on the Climate through our lifestyles and how our actions can influence the situation in a positive way.

Health & Wellbeing

Encourages schools to promote the health and wellbeing of young people and the wider community and to make environmental connections to health and safety.

Global Citizenship & Culture

Examines what our rights and responsibilities are on a National, European and Global scale and encourages staff, students and parents to look at the impacts our consumption habits have on other parts of the world.

Equality & Equity

Works towards the achievement of equality and equity on the sustainability issues irrespective of gender, ethnicity, age, disability and religion. It raises awareness regarding the need to treat everyone the same (equality) and promote fairness (equity).
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